nplusi

Official title: Electrical and information engineering

Polytech Paris-Saclay

Training duration

2 years

Average academic cost found without insurance

2 150€

Accréditation:

Accreditation Provider: DGESIP

Prerequisite of the training

Bachelor (or equivalent)

Formation type

  • Initial education

Domains

  • Networks (Computer), Telecommunications, Nanomaterials, Nanosciences, Instrumentation, Medical imaging, Embedded systems, Information, Energy, Electrical Engineering, Software engineering, Embedded systems, Instrumentation, Aerospace, Information, Electrical Engineering

M1 section is taught by

  • Univ. Paris-Sud & ENS Cachan

M2 section is taught by

  • Univ. Paris-Sud

Training description

The M1 is characterized by a broad-spectrum and a wide variety of training courses given. Its target is to give to the students strong bases in all the following fields resulting from IST : automatic control, energy, electronics, computer engineering and signal and image processing. The purpose is to enable students to comprehend the interplays between these fields.
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Major in Network and telecom:

The program trains engineers of Telecom/networks who cover many activities linked to the deployment of new network technologies and to the exploitation and extension of an existing network. Teachings have a transverse character around 4 main topics: numerical telecommunications and electronic systems, architecture and network services, the engineering of the networks that cover their conception, their management, their security, distributed applications and multimedia as well as a general teaching in languages, expression, project management and rights of telecommunications.

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Major in Astronomical and space-based systems engineering:

The program provides a wild knowhow to achieve big spatial tools on the ground and to design and development of systems of acquisition, treatment and data analysis. It proposes a very high level training in the very high technical fields, in very tight contact with industrial world, national agencies and international ones (CNES, ONERA, ESA, ESO) and research labs.

https://ufe.obspm.fr/Master/Master-2-Outils-et-Systemes-de-l-Astronomie-et-de-l-Espace/
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Major in Medical imaging:

This training has an inter-disciplinary character linked to the presence of doctors and physicians of the matter in medical physics. It provides: – A basic training of all the medical imaging methods (X-rays, ultrasounds, radioactive tracers, magnetic resonance imaging or MRI, electrical and magnetic methods), – A training of theories and methods of images and data extraction, – A training of mathematics models enabling to deduct a functional analysis report or a metabolic one from a physical parameter. The optional teaching includes main applications of medical imaging.

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Major in Electrical energy systems:

To award a multidisciplinary bivalent training in the field of energy production and renewable energies, both in engineering of electrical energy (production, transport, distribution, storage, materials, power systems and grids) and in physics (new and ionic energies).

https://ufe.obspm.fr/Master/Master-2-Outils-et-Systemes-de-l-Astronomie-et-de-l-Espace/
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Major in Embedded systems and information processing:

The program provides a high level training on embedded systems design, computer engineering systems and electronics systems aiming towards the implementation of applications of image and signal processing. The training includes specific issues concerning the aspects of systems implementation such as softwares, hardwares or application projects

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Major in Computer engineering:

The program provides a high level training on embedded systems design, computer engineering systems and electronics systems aiming towards the implementation of applications of image and signal processing. The training includes specific issues concerning the aspects of systems implementation such as softwares, hardwares or application projects.

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Major in Nanodevices and nanotechnologies:

Revolving around four topics: nanophysics, nanochemistry, nanodevices and nanotechnologies, and international track in nanosciences, the training curriculum is supported by various laboratories applying an experimental approach with very-high-quality standards.

https://ufe.obspm.fr/Master/Master-2-Outils-et-Systemes-de-l-Astronomie-et-de-l-Espace/
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Scolarships (Subject to the school offer)

Year 2:

Bourses Région Ile de France Bourses Relations internationales Univ. Paris-Sud

Major in Astronomical and space-based systems engineering

Language level prerequisites

The minimum language level required, namely : A2 in French will be verified no later than end of April, 2022 (to be confirmed in your academic offer)

Course language

Only French

Language requirement to graduate

French B2

M1 Part

Location

Univ. Paris-Sud & ENS Cachan
Master 1 E3A
Bât. 625 Univ. Paris-Sud
91405 Orsay cedex
France

Average academic cost found without insurance

1500€

Core

Credits Hours Language
Automatic control 5.00 50.00 French
Electronics for information transmission 5.00 50.00 French
Computer engineering 5.00 50.00 French
Signals and image processing 5.00 50.00 French
English and communication skills 5.00 50.00 French
Choose 1 option(s) in 2 Energy conversion
Electrical actuators: from synchronous to self-driven 5.00 50.00 French
Mechatronics systems for energy conversion 5.00 50.00 French

Core

Credits Hours Language
Study and research work 5.00 90.00 French
Choose 5 option(s) in 18 2nd semester electives
Embedded systems for energy 5.00 50.00 French
Electricity production from renewable energies 5.00 50.00 French
Control of multivariable systems 5.00 50.00 French
Control of non-linear systems 5.00 50.00 French
Acquisition, processing and transmission of digital information 5.00 50.00 French
Systems and propagation for RF and HF telecommunications 5.00 50.00 French
Materials and devices for electronics and optoelectronics 5.00 50.00 French
Design of analog and digital integrated circuits 5.00 50.00 French
Processors architecture 5.00 50.00 French
Computer engineering 2 5.00 50.00 French
Object-oriented design 5.00 50.00 French
Telecommunication networking 5.00 50.00 French
Image and signal processing 5.00 50.00 French
Image processing and vision 5.00 50.00 French
Information theory and source coding 5.00 50.00 French
Image processing for astrophysics 5.00 50.00 French
Nanotechnology 5.00 50.00 French
Optional course from another program 5.00 50.00 French

M2 Part

Location

Univ. Paris-Sud
Univ. Paris-Sud
M2 E3A
Bât. 625 Univ. Paris-Sud
91405 Orsay cedex
France

Average academic cost found without insurance

650€

Astronomical and space-based systems engineering

Credits Hours Language
Astrophysical signal acquisition and detection 4.00 64.00 French
Signal processing and control 3.00 40.00 French
Structure mechanics 1.00 20.00 French
Projects managing and systems studies 2.00 30.00 French
Lab works in instrumentation 3.00 40.00 French
Computer science 3.00 60.00 French
Companies 1.00 40.00 French
Project managing 4.00 40.00 French
English 1.00 45.00 French
Choose 1 option(s) in 2 1st semester electives
Instrumental option: optics, electronics, microwaves, cryogenic and mechanics 8.00 120.00 French
Digital option: numerical analysis, object programming, mechanics and finite elements, signal 8.00 120.00 French

Astronomical and space-based systems engineering

Credits Hours Language
Internship 30.00 875.00 French

Major in Computer engineering

Language level prerequisites

The minimum language level required, namely : A2 in French will be verified no later than end of April, 2022 (to be confirmed in your academic offer)

Course language

Only French

Language requirement to graduate

French B2

M1 Part

Location

Univ. Paris-Sud & ENS Cachan
Master 1 E3A
Bât. 625 Univ. Paris-Sud
91405 Orsay cedex
France

Average academic cost found without insurance

1500€

Core

Credits Hours Language
Automatic control 5.00 50.00 French
Electronics for information transmission 5.00 50.00 French
Computer engineering 5.00 50.00 French
Signals and image processing 5.00 50.00 French
English and communication skills 5.00 50.00 French
Choose 1 option(s) in 2 Energy conversion
Electrical actuators: from synchronous to self-driven 5.00 50.00 French
Mechatronics systems for energy conversion 5.00 50.00 French

Core

Credits Hours Language
Study and research work 5.00 90.00 French
Choose 5 option(s) in 18 2nd semester electives
Embedded systems for energy 5.00 50.00 French
Electricity production from renewable energies 5.00 50.00 French
Control of multivariable systems 5.00 50.00 French
Control of non-linear systems 5.00 50.00 French
Acquisition, processing and transmission of digital information 5.00 50.00 French
Systems and propagation for RF and HF telecommunications 5.00 50.00 French
Materials and devices for electronics and optoelectronics 5.00 50.00 French
Design of analog and digital integrated circuits 5.00 50.00 French
Processors architecture 5.00 50.00 French
Computer engineering 2 5.00 50.00 French
Object-oriented design 5.00 50.00 French
Telecommunication networking 5.00 50.00 French
Image and signal processing 5.00 50.00 French
Image processing and vision 5.00 50.00 French
Information theory and source coding 5.00 50.00 French
Image processing for astrophysics 5.00 50.00 French
Nanotechnology 5.00 50.00 French
Optional course from another program 5.00 50.00 French

M2 Part

Location

Univ. Paris-Sud
Univ. Paris-Sud
M2 E3A
Bât. 625 Univ. Paris-Sud
91405 Orsay cedex
France

Average academic cost found without insurance

650€

Computer engineering

Credits Hours Language
Advanced computer engineering 6.00 53.00 French
Architecture and real-time industrial systems / CAN-bus 5.00 60.00 French
Advanced object-oriented programming 5.00 60.00 French
Data bases, Java programming Java and Perl language 5.00 65.00 French
Unix Systems (system calls) and UML programming 5.00 50.00 French
DSP and embedded real-time systems 4.00 52.50 French

Computer engineering

Credits Hours Language
General training 5.00 52.00 French
Project management, configuration management and study works 5.00 160.00 French
Internship in industry 11.00 560.00 French
Choose 3 option(s) in 7 2nd semester electives
Middleware: COM/DCOM, script languages / XML 3.00 30.00 French
Image processing and industrial systems 3.00 30.00 French
Linux for embedded systems 3.00 32.00 French
Windows .NET 3.00 30.00 French
Parallel computing 3.00 30.00 French
Middleware 3.00 26.00 French
Course from another program 3.00 30.00 French

Major in Electrical energy systems

Language level prerequisites

The minimum language level required, namely : A2 in French will be verified no later than end of April, 2022 (to be confirmed in your academic offer)

Course language

Only French

Language requirement to graduate

French B2

M1 Part

Location

Univ. Paris-Sud & ENS Cachan
Master 1 E3A
Bât. 625 Univ. Paris-Sud
91405 Orsay cedex
France

Average academic cost found without insurance

1500€

Core

Credits Hours Language
Automatic control 5.00 50.00 French
Electronics for information transmission 5.00 50.00 French
Computer engineering 5.00 50.00 French
Signals and image processing 5.00 50.00 French
English and communication skills 5.00 50.00 French
Choose 1 option(s) in 2 Energy conversion
Electrical actuators: from synchronous to self-driven 5.00 50.00 French
Mechatronics systems for energy conversion 5.00 50.00 French

Core

Credits Hours Language
Study and research work 5.00 90.00 French
Choose 5 option(s) in 18 2nd semester electives
Embedded systems for energy 5.00 50.00 French
Electricity production from renewable energies 5.00 50.00 French
Control of multivariable systems 5.00 50.00 French
Control of non-linear systems 5.00 50.00 French
Acquisition, processing and transmission of digital information 5.00 50.00 French
Systems and propagation for RF and HF telecommunications 5.00 50.00 French
Materials and devices for electronics and optoelectronics 5.00 50.00 French
Design of analog and digital integrated circuits 5.00 50.00 French
Processors architecture 5.00 50.00 French
Computer engineering 2 5.00 50.00 French
Object-oriented design 5.00 50.00 French
Telecommunication networking 5.00 50.00 French
Image and signal processing 5.00 50.00 French
Image processing and vision 5.00 50.00 French
Information theory and source coding 5.00 50.00 French
Image processing for astrophysics 5.00 50.00 French
Nanotechnology 5.00 50.00 French
Optional course from another program 5.00 50.00 French

M2 Part

Location

Univ. Paris-Sud
Univ. Paris-Sud
M2 E3A
Bât. 625 Univ. Paris-Sud
91405 Orsay cedex
France

Average academic cost found without insurance

650€

Electrical energy systems

Credits Hours Language
Choose 6 option(s) in 9 1st semester electives
Materials for energy 5.00 25.00 French
Electrical energy grids 5.00 24.00 French
Modelling in electromagnetism 5.00 24.00 French
Electromagnetism and thermodynamics 5.00 24.00 French
Electrical actuators 5.00 24.00 French
Advanced power electronics 5.00 24.00 French
Optimisation of electromagnetic systems 5.00 24.00 French
General training (English & communication skills) 5.00 52.00 French
Project managing and study works 5.00 160.00 French

Electrical energy systems

Credits Hours Language
Internship 14.00 420.00 French
Choose 4 option(s) in 12 2nd semester electives
Energetic efficiency and renewable energies 4.00 25.00 French
Fuel cell and hydrogen technologies 4.00 25.00 French
Photovoltaic solar systems 4.00 25.00 French
Solar energy: production, distributed storage – buildings 4.00 25.00 French
Power integration 4.00 24.00 French
Non standard electromechanical convertors 4.00 24.00 French
Control, command and dependability 4.00 24.00 French
Operation of wide grids for electrical energy 4.00 24.00 French
Electrical conversion and storage of renewable energies 4.00 24.00 French
Insulating materials and electric discharges 4.00 24.00 French
Magnetic materials 4.00 24.00 French
Active materials and coupled problems 4.00 24.00 French

Major in Embedded systems and information processing

Language level prerequisites

The minimum language level required, namely : A2 in French will be verified no later than end of April, 2022 (to be confirmed in your academic offer)

Course language

Only French

Language requirement to graduate

French B2

M1 Part

Location

Univ. Paris-Sud & ENS Cachan
Master 1 E3A
Bât. 625 Univ. Paris-Sud
91405 Orsay cedex
France

Average academic cost found without insurance

1500€

Core

Credits Hours Language
Automatic control 5.00 50.00 French
Electronics for information transmission 5.00 50.00 French
Computer engineering 5.00 50.00 French
Signals and image processing 5.00 50.00 French
English and communication skills 5.00 50.00 French
Choose 1 option(s) in 2 Energy conversion
Electrical actuators: from synchronous to self-driven 5.00 50.00 French
Mechatronics systems for energy conversion 5.00 50.00 French

Core

Credits Hours Language
Study and research work 5.00 90.00 French
Choose 5 option(s) in 18 2nd semester electives
Embedded systems for energy 5.00 50.00 French
Electricity production from renewable energies 5.00 50.00 French
Control of multivariable systems 5.00 50.00 French
Control of non-linear systems 5.00 50.00 French
Acquisition, processing and transmission of digital information 5.00 50.00 French
Systems and propagation for RF and HF telecommunications 5.00 50.00 French
Materials and devices for electronics and optoelectronics 5.00 50.00 French
Design of analog and digital integrated circuits 5.00 50.00 French
Processors architecture 5.00 50.00 French
Computer engineering 2 5.00 50.00 French
Object-oriented design 5.00 50.00 French
Telecommunication networking 5.00 50.00 French
Image and signal processing 5.00 50.00 French
Image processing and vision 5.00 50.00 French
Information theory and source coding 5.00 50.00 French
Image processing for astrophysics 5.00 50.00 French
Nanotechnology 5.00 50.00 French
Optional course from another program 5.00 50.00 French

M2 Part

Location

Univ. Paris-Sud
Univ. Paris-Sud
M2 E3A
Bât. 625 Univ. Paris-Sud
91405 Orsay cedex
France

Average academic cost found without insurance

650€

Embedded systems and information processing

Credits Hours Language
Digital systems for real-time controls 5.00 30.00 French
Algorithm-architecture matching 5.00 30.00 French
Choose 4 option(s) in 5 1st semester electives
Advanced architecture 5.00 24.00 French
Networks and quality of service 5.00 24.00 French
Vision and image analysis 5.00 28.00 French
Stochastic learning and neurons network 5.00 24.00 French
Course from another program 5.00 24.00 French

Embedded systems and information processing

Credits Hours Language
Internship 20.00 420.00 French
Choose 2 option(s) in 8 2nd semester electives
Design of complex embedded systems 5.00 27.00 French
Electronics for embedded systems 5.00 24.00 French
Mobile networks 5.00 24.00 French
Compression of multimedia data 5.00 24.00 French
Sound and vocal processing 5.00 24.00 French
Vision and image processing 5.00 27.00 French
Data fusion 5.00 24.00 French
Course from another program 5.00 25.00 French

Major in Medical imaging

Language level prerequisites

The minimum language level required, namely : A2 in French will be verified no later than end of April, 2022 (to be confirmed in your academic offer)

Course language

Only French

Language requirement to graduate

French B2

M1 Part

Location

Univ. Paris-Sud & ENS Cachan
Master 1 E3A
Bât. 625 Univ. Paris-Sud
91405 Orsay cedex
France

Average academic cost found without insurance

1500€

Core

Credits Hours Language
Automatic control 5.00 50.00 French
Electronics for information transmission 5.00 50.00 French
Computer engineering 5.00 50.00 French
Signals and image processing 5.00 50.00 French
English and communication skills 5.00 50.00 French
Choose 1 option(s) in 2 Energy conversion
Electrical actuators: from synchronous to self-driven 5.00 50.00 French
Mechatronics systems for energy conversion 5.00 50.00 French

Core

Credits Hours Language
Study and research work 5.00 90.00 French
Choose 5 option(s) in 18 2nd semester electives
Embedded systems for energy 5.00 50.00 French
Electricity production from renewable energies 5.00 50.00 French
Control of multivariable systems 5.00 50.00 French
Control of non-linear systems 5.00 50.00 French
Acquisition, processing and transmission of digital information 5.00 50.00 French
Systems and propagation for RF and HF telecommunications 5.00 50.00 French
Materials and devices for electronics and optoelectronics 5.00 50.00 French
Design of analog and digital integrated circuits 5.00 50.00 French
Processors architecture 5.00 50.00 French
Computer engineering 2 5.00 50.00 French
Object-oriented design 5.00 50.00 French
Telecommunication networking 5.00 50.00 French
Image and signal processing 5.00 50.00 French
Image processing and vision 5.00 50.00 French
Information theory and source coding 5.00 50.00 French
Image processing for astrophysics 5.00 50.00 French
Nanotechnology 5.00 50.00 French
Optional course from another program 5.00 50.00 French

M2 Part

Location

Univ. Paris-Sud
Univ. Paris-Sud
M2 E3A
Bât. 625 Univ. Paris-Sud
91405 Orsay cedex
France

Average academic cost found without insurance

650€

Medical imaging

Credits Hours Language
Methodological bases of medical imaging 7.00 50.00 French
Quantification in medical imaging 7.00 50.00 French
Choose 1 option(s) in 3 1st group of electives
Recording and transmission of images 4.00 24.00 French
Instrumentation and advanced methodology 4.00 24.00 French
Radiocontrast agents and tracers 4.00 24.00 French
Choose 1 option(s) in 3 2nd group of electives
Cardiovascular system imaging 4.00 24.00 French
Neurological system imaging 4.00 24.00 French
Tumors imaging 4.00 24.00 French

Medical imaging

Credits Hours Language
Technical English for medical imaging 5.00 30.00 French
Internship 25.00 500.00 French

Major in Nanodevices and nanotechnologies

Language level prerequisites

The minimum language level required, namely : A2 in French will be verified no later than end of April, 2022 (to be confirmed in your academic offer)

Course language

Only French

Language requirement to graduate

French B2

M1 Part

Location

Univ. Paris-Sud & ENS Cachan
Master 1 E3A
Bât. 625 Univ. Paris-Sud
91405 Orsay cedex
France

Average academic cost found without insurance

1500€

Core

Credits Hours Language
Automatic control 5.00 50.00 French
Electronics for information transmission 5.00 50.00 French
Computer engineering 5.00 50.00 French
Signals and image processing 5.00 50.00 French
English and communication skills 5.00 50.00 French
Choose 1 option(s) in 2 Energy conversion
Electrical actuators: from synchronous to self-driven 5.00 50.00 French
Mechatronics systems for energy conversion 5.00 50.00 French

Core

Credits Hours Language
Study and research work 5.00 90.00 French
Choose 5 option(s) in 18 2nd semester electives
Embedded systems for energy 5.00 50.00 French
Electricity production from renewable energies 5.00 50.00 French
Control of multivariable systems 5.00 50.00 French
Control of non-linear systems 5.00 50.00 French
Acquisition, processing and transmission of digital information 5.00 50.00 French
Systems and propagation for RF and HF telecommunications 5.00 50.00 French
Materials and devices for electronics and optoelectronics 5.00 50.00 French
Design of analog and digital integrated circuits 5.00 50.00 French
Processors architecture 5.00 50.00 French
Computer engineering 2 5.00 50.00 French
Object-oriented design 5.00 50.00 French
Telecommunication networking 5.00 50.00 French
Image and signal processing 5.00 50.00 French
Image processing and vision 5.00 50.00 French
Information theory and source coding 5.00 50.00 French
Image processing for astrophysics 5.00 50.00 French
Nanotechnology 5.00 50.00 French
Optional course from another program 5.00 50.00 French

M2 Part

Location

Univ. Paris-Sud
Univ. Paris-Sud
M2 E3A
Bât. 625 Univ. Paris-Sud
91405 Orsay cedex
France

Average academic cost found without insurance

650€

Nanodevices and nanotechnologies

Credits Hours Language
Device physics 3.00 27.00 French
Nanophotonics, molecular optics and nanobiophotonics 3.00 27.00 English
Nanomagnetism and spintronics 3.00 27.00 French
Nanoelectronics and molecular electronics 3.00 27.00 English
Nanomechanics and electromechanical nanodevices 3.00 27.00 French
Microtechnologies and nanoprinting 3.00 27.00 English
Nanotechnologies 3.00 27.00 French
Micronanobiosciences 3.00 27.00 French

Nanodevices and nanotechnologies

Credits Hours Language
Internship 24.00 160.00 French
Choose 2 option(s) in 11 2nd semester options
Quantum optics 3.00 27.00 French
Out-of-equilibrium statistical physics 3.00 27.00 English
Design of MEMS and NEMS 3.00 30.00 French
Optoelectronics 3.00 27.00 French
Semiconductor devices for Terahertz 3.00 30.00 French
Nanotechnologies for diagnostic and therapy 3.00 27.00 French
Nanomaterials 3.00 30.00 French
Nanomaterials for photovoltaic applications 3.00 27.00 French
Technological works 3.00 30.00 French
Research works 3.00 30.00 French
Course to be chosen in another program 3.00 30.00 French

Major in Network and telecom

Language level prerequisites

The minimum language level required, namely : A2 in French will be verified no later than end of April, 2022 (to be confirmed in your academic offer)

Course language

Only French

Language requirement to graduate

French B2

M1 Part

Location

Univ. Paris-Sud & ENS Cachan
Master 1 E3A
Bât. 625 Univ. Paris-Sud
91405 Orsay cedex
France

Average academic cost found without insurance

1500€

Core

Credits Hours Language
Automatic control 5.00 50.00 French
Electronics for information transmission 5.00 50.00 French
Computer engineering 5.00 50.00 French
Signals and image processing 5.00 50.00 French
English and communication skills 5.00 50.00 French
Choose 1 option(s) in 2 Energy conversion
Electrical actuators: from synchronous to self-driven 5.00 50.00 French
Mechatronics systems for energy conversion 5.00 50.00 French

Core

Credits Hours Language
Study and research work 5.00 90.00 French
Choose 5 option(s) in 18 2nd semester electives
Embedded systems for energy 5.00 50.00 French
Electricity production from renewable energies 5.00 50.00 French
Control of multivariable systems 5.00 50.00 French
Control of non-linear systems 5.00 50.00 French
Acquisition, processing and transmission of digital information 5.00 50.00 French
Systems and propagation for RF and HF telecommunications 5.00 50.00 French
Materials and devices for electronics and optoelectronics 5.00 50.00 French
Design of analog and digital integrated circuits 5.00 50.00 French
Processors architecture 5.00 50.00 French
Computer engineering 2 5.00 50.00 French
Object-oriented design 5.00 50.00 French
Telecommunication networking 5.00 50.00 French
Image and signal processing 5.00 50.00 French
Image processing and vision 5.00 50.00 French
Information theory and source coding 5.00 50.00 French
Image processing for astrophysics 5.00 50.00 French
Nanotechnology 5.00 50.00 French
Optional course from another program 5.00 50.00 French

M2 Part

Location

Univ. Paris-Sud
Univ. Paris-Sud
M2 E3A
Bât. 625 Univ. Paris-Sud
91405 Orsay cedex
France

Average academic cost found without insurance

650€

Network and telecom

Credits Hours Language
Digital communications and channel coding 5.00 50.00 French
Electronic systems for telecommunications 5.00 50.00 French
Internet networking 5.00 52.00 French
Java and Internet 5.00 50.00 French
Networks security 5.00 46.00 French
Project managing, study works and telecommunication laws 5.00 90.00 French

Network and telecom

Credits Hours Language
General training (English & communication skills) 5.00 52.00 French
Internship 13.00 560.00 French
Choose 4 option(s) in 11 2nd semester electives
Source coding 3.00 30.00 French
Advanced networks 3.00 30.00 French
Multimedia transmission 3.00 30.00 French
Mobile networks 3.00 28.00 French
Networks scaling 3.00 30.00 French
Middleware 3.00 26.00 French
Protocol specification 3.00 30.00 French
Networks systems 3.00 26.00 French
Optical networks for telecommunication 3.00 30.00 French
XML and internet programming 3.00 24.00 French
Networks and real-time operation 3.00 30.00 French